This is important to know but it's not at the core of the problem which is genetic, epigentic, and mineral imbalances resulting in endocrine issues which leads to many migraines. I know from personal experience. Hormonal fluctuations play a huge role in migraines due to copper toxicity and mineral imbalances. Copper toxicity is a huge part of this and 80% of the population has this problem. PMS in women is due to copper toxicity because estrogen and copper work together and when there is unbound copper (not bound to ceruloplasmin - a protein) in the tissues of the body including the brain you end up with MANY different symptoms including migraines. The main reason one doesn't have enough ceruloplasmin (made in the liver) in the body to attach to the copper so that it works properly, is due to stress which causes adrenal and liver issues.

I get very concerned when these studies and scientists don't look at the full picture and resort to the most popular trending option. The body is a whole piece that needs multiple parts [minerals, hormones, neurotransmitters, microbiome (not only in the gut) etc] to be functioning in sync. Unfortunately, when scientists and studies just focus on one piece it, once again, doesn't help the women who suffer the most from these maladies. You can't just fix the microbiome which is complex in itself. Often the reason the microbiome is out of balance is because the minerals (which need to be balanced in order to survive) are out of balance.

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I get them intensely and a lot. I didn’t understand really any of the article. I hope you have success getting ppl like me help.

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Covid-19 reduced the diversity of gut bacteria.

Harmful bacteria can then thrive.

And because covid-19 also damages intestinal epithelium, they can enter the bloodstream and cause infections.

Antibiotic resistant bacteria that entered the bloodstream.


Reference: “Gut microbiome dysbiosis in antibiotic-treated COVID-19 patients is associated with microbial translocation and bacteremia”



COVID-19 Virus Disrupts Normal Mix of Gut Bacteria, Increasing Risk for Other Infections


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COVID and your gut: how a healthy microbiome can reduce the severity of infection – and vice versa


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Are you aware of the generous dose Vitamin-D3 protocol that places most cluster headache sufferers into partial or total remission? Other doctors are of the opinion that Vitamin-D3 is critical to the healthy function of the gut microbiome so this seems to be a practical step to take to assist the gut.

I quote from a group dedicated to this regime:

"Cluster headache and migraine are debilitating disorders that greatly effect the quality of life for sufferers.

This group is a place to discuss and obtain advice specific to using Vitamin D3 and it’s cofactors to treat cluster headache & migraine.

The advice and views expressed here are not intended to replace the advice of your Doctor and the views expressed by members are provided for educational purposes.

The most up to date version of the Vitamin D3 regimen for the treatment of cluster headache and migraine is maintained at the following link.

The regimen is hosted on the Vitamin D Wiki and available at this link: https://bit.ly/3v3Pyxu

Pete has prepared a neurologists handbook reference guide for the Vitamin D3 Anti Inflammatory

Regimen, also hosted at the Vitamin D Wiki: https://bit.ly/3LeVQie See less "

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Jean Michel WENDLING

COVID a digestive disease


Intestinal permeability - COVID and MIS-C: could the role of vitamin D deficiency be central?

Published July 9 2022

Active viral SARS-COV2 persistence in intestinal reservoir was recently shown.

Circulating S1 subunit, or spike protein, or circulating N nucleocapsid is found in approximately 65% of long COVID patients several months.

Yonker LM et al showed that in children with MIS-C, prolonged presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the gastrointestinal tract led to release of zonulin with passage of SARS-CoV-2 antigens into the bloodstream, resulting in


Larazotide, a zonulin inhibitor used in the treatment of celiac disease, according to the authors prevents damage to tight junctions (TJ), limiting the passage of antigens: it is well tolerated and useful as an adjuvant to targeted therapies immune.

Vitamin D levels were also shown to be negatively correlated with symptom score and faecal zonulin .

These data highlight the close relationship between Vitamin D and the intestinal barrier

Vitamine D seems to be a good preventive treatment


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I suspect leakage of E coli Endotoxin into the Bloodstream from the Gut accounts for much of the Migraine because we know it rapidly crosses the so-called Blood-Brain-Barrier and causes Headache using Human volunteers.


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Thinking beyond our bodies: Your #microbiome #cloud help identifying you one day!


Researchers at the University of Oregon have discovered that each person has their own unique "microbial cloud," consisting of millions of #bacteria that surround them!

In this study 11 subjects were were kept in a sealed chamber for four hours with air pumped in through a filter to prevent contamination. Dishes and filters inside the chamber collected samples from the emanating cloud.


> The microbial cloud can be detected up to 4 feet away from a person, and it varies from person to person, based on their age, gender, and even what they eat.

> The study was conducted by sequencing the microbial DNA in the air surrounding individuals, in addition to swabbing their skin and other surfaces.

> The researchers found that people's microbial clouds remained consistent over time and could potentially be used as a way to identify individuals.

> Groups of bacteria in the cloud included #Streptococcus, which is common in the oral microbiome, and the dominant #skin bacteria #Propionibacterium and #Corynebacterium.


Recent studies show that humans shed approximately 106 particles (>0.5 µm diameter) per hour, and many of these likely contain bacteria, which means actively shed #human microbial contribution plays a significant role in seeding the built #environment #microbiome.

The direct emission of bacterial cells from an individual might result in a detectable human microbiome signal that is traceable to a particular individual, which has never been demonstrated before this study.

What does this mean for us? Understanding the role of bioaerosols and other sources in the built environment microbiome could lead to new ways of managing and controlling indoor environments for public health.


What are the implications of our bodies' microbial signature being traced back to us even inside buildings? Could this be useful in #forensic investigations or #medical diagnosis? How can we use this knowledge to manage indoor environments to benefit human #health? Let's challenge our assumptions and think outside the box.

Here is the link to the paper:

Humans differ in their personal microbial cloud


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I cured my migraines by healing my gut. No question in my mind that the migraines I used to get were due to leaky gut, which of course is also associated with dysbiosis.

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